Tips zu NeXT Rechnern

Last Update: 22. Oktober 2003
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Immer wieder kommen Fragen zu NeXT Rechnern - auch bewundernd "Schwarze Hardware" genannt. Ich bin da auch nicht so ein Experte habe hier aber mal angefangen, die häufigsten Fragen zu sammeln:

Wie boote ich die NeXT von CD/Optical?

Die NeXT Rechner haben wie die meisten "ordentlichen" Computer einen Bootmonitor. Hier können verschiedene Einstellungen gemacht werden und u.a. auch entschieden werden, von wo gebootet werden kann.

Ein Ausschnitt aus einem alten Systemhandbuch, dass auch zeigt, wie man das root Kennwort zurücksetzt:

1. Power the computer off and then on, using the Power key.

2. During the boot process, immediately after the the "Testing System" message (if in graphical boot) is replaced by the "Loading from disk" message, hold down the right command key and press the tilde symbol (~) on the numberic keypad. This display the ROM monitor window containing the prompt

   NeXT>

WARNING: If the hardward password is set you must supply it. You can not proceed beyound this point without it, if it is set. Since you wouldn't have it, the apparent fix for this is to remove the battery for a day or more and let the system loose its parameters. You should do a repost about that if you need more information.

3. Start up the machine in single-user mode by typing one of the folowing commands at the ROM monitor prompt

bsd -s (to boot from the hard disk)
bod -s (to boot from the optical disk)
ben -s (to boot from the Ethernet)

The system will boot up into single user mode. When complete you will see a

  #

prompt.

4. At the single user prompt, start up the system services by typeing the following command:

  sh /etc/rc &

You see a series of messages appear on the screen as the rc shell script executes. During the process, NetInfo is started.

5. Set the root password. Enter:

  passwd root

Your prompted twice for the new password.

WARNING: When the root password is set, do NOT go to multiuser mode before completing step 6.

6. Power the system off and then on again. After the system boots, you can resure normal operation with the new root password.

7. Log in as root and add or update appropriate user names. You should never use root as a general user account. Look in /NextAdmin for the User software.

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